Types of Circumcision Although circumcision may be performed during infancy, during adolescence or even during a woman's first pregnancy, the procedure is usually carried out on girls between ages four and Anthony Drinkwater February 20, at Considering the many negative health effects and potential consequences of female genital mutilation, it is unjust to make such a significant decision on behalf of someone else.
In addition, other African women's networks and organizations that had focused primarily on such issues as reproductive health, women's rights and legal justice became involved in working against the practice.
Girls in Uganda are told they may have difficulty giving birth without stretched labia. Childhood is a different category and must be treated as such. Clearly they do not. It aims to ensure premarital virginity and marital fidelity.
The practitioners' use of shared instruments is thought to aid the transmission of hepatitis Bhepatitis C and HIValthough no epidemiological studies have shown this.
The National Assembly should stay out of legislating. Sometimes genital tissue is stitched again several times, including after childbirth, hence the woman goes through repeated opening and closing procedures, further increasing both immediate and long-term risks; psychological problems depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, low self-esteem, etc.
The question is whether there is are some underlying moral principles by which it is possible to criticise the views of those who think that FGM, or child slavery, or paedophilia, or anti-semitism are acceptable, etc etc If there are no such moral principles then there is no way to criticise alternate views, nor, in fact any reason to.
It must be tolerant and also respect cultural secularity in a multicultural nation. Susan, you may be right about how to best approach it — but I think it is a human rights violation worthy of outside intervention just like slavery, ethnic cleansing, etc. That decision is for villages and clans to make, not the country as a whole.
Why not ban it? That sheath has no sexual function. Yemen, many African countries, Afghanistan, etc. We "mutilate" the umbilical cord by cutting it off at birth and arbitrarily deciding how long the navel should be.
It is just another case of intellectual fraud. Susan February 18, at 9: These were removed from the WHO's definition because of insufficient information about prevalence and consequences.
In a study by Nigerian physician Mairo Usman Mandara, over 30 percent of women with gishiri cuts were found to have vesicovaginal fistulae holes that allow urine to seep into the vagina. She was released a year and a half later and granted asylum after intensive media coverage of her situation.
With national committees in more than 20 countries, the IAC has been important in bringing the harmful effects of female circumcision to the attention of African governments.Notably, the drive to include language specifically condemning female genital mutilation in the Platform was led by Africans.
Against this background of activity and changing emphasis, the plight of Fauziya Kassindja, a year-old woman from Togo, focused public. Opponents of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) fear that the campaign against Male Genital Mutilation (MGM) will distract attention from their campaign, and that drawing parallels will weaken and trivialise the case against FGM.
I want to state unequivocally that I do not support the proposed HB22 Bill sponsored by Janet Adeyemi and aimed at outlawing "Female Genital Mutilation Practice in the Federal Republic of Nigeria." There is a huge difference between Circumcision and Mutilation.
To group all forms of age old religious circumcision into one large category under the.
Opponents of female genital cutting, however, emphasize that the practice is detrimental to women's health and well-being.
Some consider female circumcision a ritualized form of child abuse and violence against women, a violation of human rights. The debate over female circumcision is relatively recent.
Some people in Africa believe that bodies are androgynous and that all male and female bodies contain male and female parts. So a man’s foreskin is a female part. And for a female, the covering.
- Female Genital Mutilation in Africa ital Mutilation in Sudan In the country of Sudan, in Northern Africa, there is a procedure that is tradition and is performed on most women called female genital mutilation, or FGM, which used to be known as female.Download