What is Content Theory? These approaches to motivation focus on the assumption that individuals are motivated by the desire to fulfil inner needs.
Even if known they may not know what to do to obtain them. Through extensive research Maslow and Herzberg developed their own theories which are now used in businesses all around the world. These include personal security, financial security, health and well being, safety from accidents and illness.
The Equity theory explores the impact of feeling poorly rewarded or too well rewarded on our behaviours at work. Even though they apply to the majority, different people have different needs and levels of satisfaction therefore either model cannot be totally relied on for a manager to try motivate employees.
Existence, relatedness, and growth; Campbell and Pritchard, Motivation theory and industrial and organisational psychology cited in George, J. Thus ERG are the three. Esteem is the next, including self esteem and self respect. Equity theory is based on the premise that a worker perceives the relationship between outcomes; what the worker gets from the job and organisation and inputs; what the worker contributes to a job and organisation.
Another similarity is that both theories account for individual differences. Managers in businesses would use these theories in an attempt to motivate staff to provide them with job satisfaction and in return receive better task performance.
Process theories stress that unique things motivate each of us and that motivation is mostly the outcome of social comparison processes. A person is a wanting being — he always wants, and he wants more. Adams, cited in George, Outcomes include pay, fringe benefits, job satisfaction, status etc.
Whereas another who may have wanted such a need would be discouraged due to them not receiving the promotion and as a result de-motivated the employee. Social needs can be seen as the desire for interaction, acceptance and a sense of belonging with associates and personal acquaintances.
Equity theory appears to offer a useful approach to understanding a wide variety of social relationships in the work place. What is the difference between Content Theory and Process Theory?
George, The methods through which individuals reduce inequity are referred to as methods of inequity resolution. So motivation theory is concerned with why and how the actuating force is activated and how it works to accomplish its goal.
Therefore, in organizations it is very much essential to identify the requirements that satisfy and motivate the employees in order to get their maximum contribution. For Achievement The motivations for achieving, pursuits and goals are fueled by the perception of getting credit for the job to be done.
Motivation and leadership at work. These needs can be seen as essentials for survival making it logical to be place at the bottom of the hierarchy and as the lowest motivator.
Managers may think that employees would work harder for a raise whereas others believe it is ineffective.
Both focus on the motivators as being contributors to psychological growth and development. George, The methods through which individuals reduce inequity are referred to as methods of inequity resolution. Content theories of motivation are one of the types of motivation theory.
Workers who contribute a high level of inputs and receive in turn a high level of outcomes are motivated to continue to contribute a high level of inputs. Because there is no rigid hierarchy in which a lower need must be substantially gratified before one can move one and since one or more needs can be operative at the same time this makes ERG more consistent with our knowledge of individual differences amongst people.
Have you ever heard of a spirited horse?
Equity theorists assume that these social comparisons processes are driven by our fundamental concern with fairness or equity. Another difference between the two theories is that process theories focus on external behaviours or influences.
R 3rd Ed. These are needs like breathing, food, shelter, water, sleep and homeostasis.Content theories of motivation are one of the types of motivation theory. In the field of organizational behavioral studies, there are two different categories called content theories (also known as need theory) and process theories.
Content theory or need theory can be identified as the earliest theories related with the concept of motivation. It outlines the reasons for motivating an individual; that means it explains the necessities and requirements that are essential to motivate a person. (Steers, ) One of the main differences between the two theories is that the Equity theory is a process theory and the ERG theory is a content theory.
Process theories stress that unique things motivate each of us and that motivation is mostly the outcome of social comparison processes.
Compare and contrast one process theory of motivation with one content theory - Compare and Contrast One Process Theory of Motivation introduction. Include in your answer a brief explanation why one is a process and the other is a content theory.
The main difference between content and process theories is that content theory focuses on individual needs, while process theory focuses on behavior.
These theories provide insight into what motivates people to act a certain way in a particular setting and are popular in business management. bh compare and contrast one process theory of motivation with one content theory.
include in your answer a brief explanation why one is a process and the other a content theory.Download